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Germanium was first detected in Germany in 1886 and is therefore named after its Latin name “Germania”. It is a silvery to white semi-metal and is one of the carbon groups, also because of its physical properties, which resemble the substance silicon. Germanium is stable in air and in water. Germanium’s properties make it perfectly suitable for the use as a semiconductor material. In addition to electronics, germanium is also used in nuclear medicine and nuclear technology, in food supplements, in glasses and fibers and in various medical applications.