omega-Agatoxin IVA

Article number:

5250043

CAS No.:

145017-83-0

Chemical description:

Lys-Lys-Lys-Cys4-Ile-Ala-Lys-Asp-Tyr-Gly-Arg-Cys12-Lys-Trp-Gly-Gly-Thr-Pro-Cys19-Cys20-Arg-Gly-Arg-Gly-Cys25-Ile-Cys27-Ser-Ile-Met-Gly-Thr-Asn-Cys34-Glu-Cys36-Lys-Pro-Arg-Leu-Ile-Met-Glu-Gly-Leu-Gly-Leu-Ala-OH

Molecular weight:

5198,44 g/mol

OMEGA-agatoxin IVA is a peptide originally isolated from funnel web-spider venom Agelenopsis aperta. This peptide is a specific blocker of P/Q-type calcium channel (Cav2.1). It has been reported that OMEGA-agatoxin IVA is a potent blocker of voltage-gated calcium channels in insect and vertebrate central neurons. The binding site for OMEGA-agatoxin IVA has been localized in part to the extracellular S3-S4 loop in repeat IV of the α-1A Ca2+ channels, which is proximal to the S4 sensor domain. This is coherent with its functional effect (no pore-blocking activity, but gating modifier by a shift of channel activation towards more depolarized potentials). This makes this toxin a voltage-dependent blocker of P/Q calcium channels.

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omega-Agatoxin IVA

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