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Baclofen is a GABA derivative that acts as an agonist at GABA-B receptors; it is commonly used in animal models to examine the effects of GABAergic neurotransmission in a variety of fields, including substance dependence, spasticity, pain, and feeding behavior. Baclofen exhibits analgesic, antinociceptive, and antiepileptic/anticonvulsant activities. The analgesic effect of baclofen is mediated by its GABA-B receptor activation, inducing a presynaptic block of action potentials induced by mechanical or thermal stimuli that decreases frequency and amplitude of excitatory post-synaptic currents. Baclofen is used clinically to promote abstinence in alcohol dependent subjects, potentially mediating alcohol craving during withdrawal. This compound is also delivered intrathecally to treat spasticity and dystonia.
Active Pharmaceutical Ingredients - APIs
Pharmaceutical raw materials are the basis for the production of drugs and can be divided into three categories: Natural products are drugs with vegetable ingredients called Phytopharmaka. These days the majority of them ...