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Lead is a heavy metal that has always been widely used because of its flexibility, corrosion resistance and high density. Due to the simple production and processing of lead, it is still of great importance to the industry. Electrical engineering uses lead for chemical energy storage in the form of lead-acid batteries, which are for example used in cars. In addition, lead is a component of some important alloys and is used as corrosion protection in apparatus and container construction. A major use for lead is as radiation protection. Due to its high atomic mass, lead is suitable for shielding against gamma and X-radiation. Therefore, lead is used in hospitals and medical practices, for example, as a lead apron, which doctors and patients wear during x-rays.